Cracked heels….care and prevention

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Cracked heels are a condition in which fissures or cracks occur in the epidermis of the heel. It is caused by dehydration of the skin and may occur together with excessive keratin. At first these skin cracks are only minor but when left untreated they develop. The foot area is an area that receives pressure and friction from walking or doing various activities. As a result, the cracks deepen to the dermis layer. starting to bleed and pain occurs according to body weight and activities perform ufabet These cracks are considered skin wounds and should be treated. In most cases, though, these cracks are just a nuisance and are unattractive.

However, if left untreated until the crack extends into the dermis, standing, walking, or even lying in bed can cause pain. Such cracks cause the skin to thicken. Blisters form and may increase the risk of infection and cellulitis, especially in patients with diabetes and peripheral vascular disease. 1 In addition to diabetic patients, other diseases that have a high risk of dryness and cracking of the heels include: People with thyroid hormone deficiency rheumatoid arthritis and scleroderma, etc. 

Caring for cracked heels

Short-term and long-term care for cracked heels. There are basic principles that should be taken into account:

  1. Preventing dryness and cracking of the skin around the heels
  2. Using the heel pad To reduce pressure and friction
  3. Treatment of abnormal thickening of the epidermis (hyperkeratosis) using medication
  4. Treating bacterial, fungal and viral infections in the area of ​​an open wound. with the right medicine

For cracked heels where the lesion is still superficial, it can be treat by reducing the abnormal thickness of the outer layer of skin by exfoliating, filing the skin, or using substances that have the effect of accelerating the exfoliation of skin cells. Together with providing substances to increase moisture and restore the skin barrier 2, which is the main goal of treatment. Normally, skin cells in the stratum corneum function to maintain moisture in the skin by working with natural moisturizing factors, including urea and extracellular lipids, which act as a barrier between cells to protect. loss of water from the skin When these protective barriers are impaired, the skin becomes dehydrated, aging skin, and skin inflammation.